The Joyous Ramadan – A Celebration of Faith, Reflection, and Community

In Islamic culture, the month of Ramadan is very significant as it is a time for prayer, fasting, and renewal of faith. It is a period of prayer, fasting, charity, and large gatherings. In this blog, We will delve into the complex tapestry of Ramadan and looking at its history, customs, and significant global influence on people’s lives.

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, and it is a time for Muslims all around the world to fast, pray, reflect, and come together. It honors the month in which the Quran, Islam’s holy scripture, was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Ramadan is extremely important in Islamic culture because it is considered a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and increased devotion to Allah. It acts as a reminder to remember the importance of kindness, understanding, and giving.

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Importance of Fasting During Ramadan

Fasting during Ramadan (known as Sawm), is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all adult Muslims with exceptions for certain groups such as children, the elderly, pregnant or nursing women and individuals with health conditions.

Historical Background of Ramadan

Origins of Ramadan

The origins of Ramadan are traced back to the initial days of Islam when the Prophet Muhammad received the first revelation of the Quran from Allah through the Angel Gabriel. These revelations occurred during the holy month of Ramadan which establish its importance in Islamic history.

Historical Events Associated with Ramadan

Ramadan is connected to important Islamic historical events such as wars, victories, and acts of kindness and charity throughout history. These events played a role in shaping the customs and rituals associated with Ramadan.

Evolution of Ramadan Traditions Over Time

Ramadan traditions have changed over time, adopting cultural traditions from many areas and societies. The basic principles of fasting, prayer, and charity are the same, although there are cultural and geographic differences in Ramadan celebrations.

Importance of ramadan  Under the Light Of Quran And Hadith

 Verse no 1(Surah Baqarah Ayah 183)

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُون .

English Translation

Surah Baqarah Ayah 183. O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous –

Urdu Translation

سورہ بقرہ آیت -183 -اے ایمان والو تم پر روزے فرض کیے گئے ہیں جس طرح تم سے پہلے لوگوں پر فرض کیے گئے تھے تاکہ تم پرہیزگار بن جاؤ۔

Verse no – 2 (Surah Baqarah Ayah 184)

أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَٰتٍ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۚ وَعَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُۥ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ ۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُۥ ۚ وَأَن تَصُومُوا۟ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ ‎﴿١٨٤﴾                                       

English Translation 

Surah Baqarah Ayah 184.[Fasting has been prescribed for you during] the certain number of days, but if some of you are sick or on a journey, [you should fast] the same number during other days. And those who are not able to fast should feed a poor person as an atonement, and whosoever volunteers more [and feeds more than one poor] it is better for him. Fasting is better for you if you know.

Urdu Translation 

                                                                                                                                                    سورہ بقرہ آیت 184- مخصوص دنوں میں روزے فرض کیے گئے ہیں، لیکن اگر تم میں سے کوئی بیمار ہو یا سفر پر ہو تو دوسرے دنوں میں بھی اتنی ہی تعداد میں روزہ رکھو۔ اور جو روزے کی استطاعت نہیں رکھتا وہ کفارہ کے طور پر ایک مسکین کو کھانا کھلائے اور جو اس سے زیادہ (اور ایک سے زیادہ مسکینوں کو کھانا کھلائے) اس کے لیے بہتر ہے۔ روزہ رکھنا تمہارے لیے بہتر ہے اگر تم جانتے ہو۔

Hadiths about Ramadan 

Hadith no -1 

Book – Sahih Bukhari

Chapter 31The Book Of As-Saum (The Fasting)

Hadith No – 1894

Baab – Rozay Ke Masail Ka Bayan

Arabic

  حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ ، عَنِ الْأَعْرَجِ ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ،    أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، قَالَ : الصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ ، فَلَا يَرْفُثْ ، وَلَا يَجْهَلْ ، وَإِنِ امْرُؤٌ قَاتَلَهُ أَوْ شَاتَمَهُ ، فَلْيَقُلْ : إِنِّي صَائِمٌ مَرَّتَيْنِ ، وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَخُلُوفُ فَمِ الصَّائِمِ أَطْيَبُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى مِنْ رِيحِ الْمِسْكِ ، يَتْرُكُ طَعَامَهُ ، وَشَرَابَهُ ، وَشَهْوَتَهُ مِنْ أَجْلِي الصِّيَامُ لِي ، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ وَالْحَسَنَةُ بِعَشْرِ أَمْثَالِهَا.

English Translation

 Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said,   Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.   The Prophet added,   By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), ‘He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times. 

Urdu Translation 

ہم سے عبداللہ بن مسلمہ قعنبی نے بیان کیا، ان سے امام مالک نے، ان سے ابوالزناد نے، ان سے اعرج نے اور ان سےابوہریرہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا: روزہ ڈھال ہے (یا پردہ یا پناہ گاہ)۔ لہٰذا روزہ دار کو چاہیے کہ وہ اپنی بیوی سے مباشرت سے پرہیز کرے اور بے وقوفی اور بے حیائی نہ کرے اور اگر کوئی اس سے لڑے یا گالی دے تو اسے دو مرتبہ کہے کہ میں روزے سے ہوں۔ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا: اس ذات کی قسم جس کے ہاتھ میں میری جان ہے، روزہ دار کے منہ سے نکلنے والی بو اللہ کے نزدیک مشک کی خوشبو سے بہتر ہے۔ (روزہ دار کے بارے میں اللہ تعالیٰ فرماتا ہے) اس نے اپنا کھانا پینا اور خواہشات میری خاطر چھوڑ دیں۔ روزہ میرے لیے ہے۔ تو میں (روزہ دار کو) اس کا بدلہ دوں گا اور نیکیوں کا ثواب دس گنا بڑھا دیا جاتا ہے۔

Hadith No 2

Chapter 31 – The Book Of As-Saum (The Fasting)

Book – Sahih Bukhari

Hadith No – 1895

Baab – Rozay Ke Masail Ka Bayan

Arabic 

 حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ ، حَدَّثَنَا جَامِعٌ ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ ، قَالَ : قَالَ عُمَرُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ : مَنْ يَحْفَظُ حَدِيثًا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي الْفِتْنَةِ ، قَالَ حُذَيْفَةُ : أَنَا سَمِعْتُهُ ، يَقُولُ :    فِتْنَةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي أَهْلِهِ ، وَمَالِهِ ، وَجَارِهِ تُكَفِّرُهَا الصَّلَاةُ ، وَالصِّيَامُ ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ    ، قَالَ : لَيْسَ أَسْأَلُ عَنْ ذِهِ ، إِنَّمَا أَسْأَلُ عَنِ الَّتِي تَمُوجُ كَمَا يَمُوجُ الْبَحْرُ ، قَالَ : وَإِنَّ دُونَ ذَلِكَ بَابًا مُغْلَقًا ، قَالَ : فَيُفْتَحُ أَوْ يُكْسَرُ ، قَالَ : يُكْسَرُ ، قَالَ : ذَاكَ أَجْدَرُ أَنْ لَا يُغْلَقَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ، فَقُلْنَا لِمَسْرُوقٍ سَلْهُ : أَكَانَ عُمَرُ يَعْلَمُ مَنِ الْبَابُ ، فَسَأَلَهُ ، فَقَالَ : نَعَمْ ، كَمَا يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ دُونَ غَدٍ اللَّيْلَةَ .

English Translation

Narrated Abu Wail from Hudhaifa: `Umar asked the people,   Who remembers the narration of the Prophet about the affliction?   Hudhaifa said,   I heard the Prophet saying, ‘The affliction of a person in his property, family and neighbors is expiated by his prayers, fasting, and giving in charity.   `Umar said,   I do not ask about that, but I ask about those afflictions which will spread like the waves of the sea.   Hudhaifa replied,   There is a closed gate in front of those afflictions.   `Umar asked,   Will that gate be opened or broken?   He replied,   It will be broken.   `Umar said,   Then the gate will not be closed again till the Day of Resurrection.   We said to Masruq,   Would you ask Hudhaifa whether `Umar knew what that gate symbolized?   He asked him and he replied   He (`Umar) knew it as one knows that there will be night before tomorrow, morning. 

Urdu Translation 

  ہم سے علی بن عبداللہ نے بیان کیا، ان سے سفیان بن عیینہ نے بیان کیا، ان سے جامع بن راشد نے بیان کیا، ان سے ابووائل نے اور ان سے حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے کہ   عمر رضی اللہ عنہ نے پوچھا فتنہ کے متعلق رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی حدیث کسی کو یاد ہے؟ حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے بیان کیا کہ میں نے سنا ہے، آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا تھا کہ انسان کے لیے اس کے بال بچے، اس کا مال اور اس کے پڑوسی فتنہ  ( آزمائش و امتحان )  ہیں جس کا کفارہ نماز روزہ اور صدقہ بن جاتا ہے۔ عمر رضی اللہ عنہ نے کہا کہ میں اس کے متعلق نہیں پوچھتا میری مراد تو اس فتنہ سے ہے جو سمندر کی موجوں کی طرح امنڈ آئے گا۔ اس پر حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے کہا کہ آپ کے اور اس فتنہ کے درمیان ایک بند دروازہ ہے۔  ( یعنی آپ کے دور میں وہ فتنہ شروع نہیں ہو گا )  عمر رضی اللہ عنہ نے پوچھا وہ دروازہ کھل جائے گا یا توڑ دیا جائے گا؟ حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے بتایا کہ توڑ دیا جائے گا۔ عمر رضی اللہ عنہ نے فرمایا کہ پھر تو قیامت تک کبھی بند نہ ہو پائے گا۔ ہم نے مسروق سے کہا آپ حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ سے پوچھئے کہ کیا عمر رضی اللہ عنہ کو معلوم تھا کہ وہ دروازہ کون ہے، چنانچہ مسروق نے پوچھا تو آپ رضی اللہ عنہ نے فرمایا ہاں! بالکل اس طرح  ( انہیں علم تھا )  جیسے رات کے بعد دن کے آنے کا علم ہوتا ہے۔ 

Hadith No 3

Chapter 31 – The Book Of As-Saum (The Fasting)

Book – Sahih Bukhari

Hadith No – 1896

Baab – Rozay Ke Masail Ka Bayan

Arabic

 حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ مَخْلَدٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلَالٍ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو حَازِمٍ ، عَنْ سَهْلٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، قَالَ :    إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ بَابًا ، يُقَالُ لَهُ : الرَّيَّانُ ، يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ الصَّائِمُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ، لَا يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُمْ ، يُقَالُ : أَيْنَ الصَّائِمُونَ ؟ فَيَقُومُونَ ، لَا يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُمْ ، فَإِذَا دَخَلُوا أُغْلِقَ ، فَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ.

English Translation

Narrated Sahl: The Prophet said,   There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to observe fasts?’ They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it. 

Urdu Translation

 ہم سے خالد بن مخلد نے بیان کیا، کہا ہم سے سلیمان بن بلال نے بیان کیا، کہا کہ مجھ سے ابوحازم سلمہ ابن دینار نے بیان کیا اور ان سے سہل بن سعد ساعدی رضی اللہ عنہ نے کہ   رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا، جنت کا ایک دروازہ ہے جسے ریان کہتے ہیں قیامت کے دن اس دروازہ سے صرف روزہ دار ہی جنت میں داخل ہوں گے، ان کے سوا اور کوئی اس میں سے نہیں داخل ہو گا، پکارا جائے گا کہ روزہ دار کہاں ہے؟ وہ کھڑے ہو جائیں گے ان کے سوا اس سے اور کوئی نہیں اندر جانے پائے گا اور جب یہ لوگ اندر چلے جائیں گے تو یہ دروازہ بند کر دیا جائے گا پھر اس سے کوئی اندر نہ جا سکے گا۔ 

Ramadan Practices

Prayer For Fasting

Arabic 

وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.

Urdu

’’اورمیں نے ماہ رمضان کے کل کے روزے کی نیت کی.‘‘

English

I Intend to keep the fast for month of Ramadan

 Fasting (Sawm)

Throughout Ramadan, fasting means avoiding eating, drinking, smoking, and having sexual relations from sunrise to sunset. This self-control exercise improves spirituality, purifies the soul, and develops sympathy for needy people.

Explanation of Fasting from Dawn to Sunset

The fasting period begins at dawn with the pre-dawn meal which known as Suhoor and ends at sunset with the evening meal is called Iftar. Muslims break their fast with dates and water by following the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad.

Exceptions to Fasting

While fasting is obligatory for most adult Muslims, there are exceptions for peoples who are unable to fast due to health reasons, pregnancy, menstruation or travel. These individuals are required to make up for missed fasts at a later time or provide food to the needy as an alternative.

Prayer and Worship

Ramadan is a time of increased devotion to prayer and worship. Muslims performing additional prayers throughout the day and participating in special nightly prayers known as Tarawih.

Increased Frequency of Daily Prayers

During Ramadan, Muslims are encouraged to perform the five daily prayers with greater concentration, seeking spiritual nourishment and closeness to Allah.

Special Nightly Prayers (Tarawih)

Tarawih prayers are performed after the evening Isha prayer during Ramadan. These prayers consist of long and elaborate recitations from the Quran that provide an opportunity for reflection and spiritual growth.

Acts of Charity (Zakat and Sadaqah)

Charity is an integral part of Ramadan, with Muslims encouraged to give generously to those peoples who are in need through Zakat (obligatory almsgiving) and Sadaqah (voluntary charity).

Importance of Giving to Those in Need

Ramadan highlights the importance of kindness and generosity towards the less fortunate, reminding Muslims of their duty to support the vulnerable members of society.

Community Initiatives and Charitable Events During Ramadan

Communities come together during Ramadan to organize charitable events, food drives, and distribution of meals to the needy. These initiatives incease a sense of unity and solidarity among Muslims, strengthening the bonds of community.

Family and Community

Iftar (Breaking the Fast)

Iftar, the evening meal to break the fast, is a time of joyous celebration and communal gathering for families and communities.

Prayer For Breaking the Fast

Arabic 

 اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنَّی لَکَ صُمْتُ وَبِکَ اٰمَنْتُ وَعَلَيْکَ تَوَکَّلْتُ وَعَلٰی رِزْقِکَ اَفْطَرْتُ.

Urdu

’’اے اللہ!میں نے تیری خاطر روزہ رکھا اور تیرے اوپر ایمان لایا اور تجھ پر بھروسہ کیا اورتیرے رزق سے اسے کھول رہا ہوں۔‘‘

English

O Allah! I fasted for you and I believe in you and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with your sustenance.

Traditional Foods and Drinks

Iftar meals often start with the eating date and drinking water, and then there are a variety of traditional dishes and drinks that are served based on regional and cultural tastes.

The Communal Aspect of Iftar

One of the most valued tradition in the community is sharing the Iftar meal with family, friends, and neighbors that promotes unity, hospitality, and support for one another.

Suhoor (Pre-Dawn Meal)

Suhoor, the pre-dawn meal is consumed before the fasting period begins at dawn. It is an opportunity to nourish the body and soul for the day ahead.

Healthy Eating Habits During Ramadan

Suhoor meals typically include foods that provide sustained energy throughout the day, such as complex carbohydrates, protein and fiber. It is important to maintain a balanced diet during Ramadan to sustain energy levels and promote overall well-being.

The Spiritual Significance of Suhoor

Suhoor is not only a physical necessity but also a spiritual practice that allows individuals to strengthen their connection with Allah through prayer and reflection before beginning the fast.

Community Events and Gatherings

Ramadan fosters a sense of community spirit, with Muslims coming together for various religious and social activities throughout the month.

Tarawih Prayers at the Mosque

During Ramadan mosques hold Tarawih prayers every night allowing people to come together for worship and spiritual nourishment.

Community Iftar Events and Feasts

In communities communal Iftar gatherings are organized, welcoming individuals, from backgrounds to partake in the festivities and embrace the essence of Ramadan.

Reflection and Spiritual Growth

Personal Reflections During Ramadan

Ramadan encourages self reflection and introspection offering a chance for individuals to evaluate their journey seek forgiveness and set goals for development.

Spiritual Practices and Self-Discipline

The practice of fasting during Ramadan promotes self discipline, patience and mindfulness helping individuals overcome distractions and focus on spiritual growth.

Impact of Ramadan on Personal Development

Ramadan acts as a catalyst for growth by fostering qualities such as empathy, gratitude and humility that go beyond the month observance.

Challenges and Solutions

Balancing Work and Religious Practices

Balancing work responsibilities with practices during Ramadan can pose challenges; however effective time management and communication enable individuals to uphold their routines while meeting professional obligations.

Addressing Misconceptions About Ramadan

Misunderstandings about Ramadan often stem from misinformation or lack of knowledge. Educating others and engaging in dialogue are crucial in dispelling myths and promoting understanding and mutual respect.

Strategies for Managing Health During Fasting

Maintaining health during Ramadan involves paying attention to nutrition, hydration and rest. Seeking advice from healthcare providers. Following recommended guidelines can help individuals fast safely.

Conclusion

Ramadan symbolizes a period of rejuvenation, community unity and personal development, for Muslims. During Ramadan we demonstrate faith, compassion and solidarity, through fasting, prayer, charitable deeds. Coming together. As we contemplate the significance of this period lets embrace its teachings and strive for growth.

Read More : Istikhara Dua

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